Top 10 Science Debates in History

Top 10 Science Debates in History

It is the common sense for human that scientists are people with respectable manners, intelligent and creative brains. However, for all knowledge that people obtain today, scientists have to go through serious debates.

 

The Shapley – Curtis Debate in 1920

Simply known as “The Great Debate”, the 1920 debate of Shapley and Curtis was hosted by the Smithsonian Institution in a room full of people. Heber Curtis argued that the Milky Way galaxy was one of a number of galaxies while Harlow Shapley thought that Milky Way galaxy was the center of universe.

Whether the debate’s result went, both scientists were right about the nature of the universe.

 

Margaret Mead and Derek Freeman

The American cultural anthropologist Margaret Mead concluded that culture determined behavior not biology. Her depiction was based on her time in Samoan where young women enjoy freedom in love-making. However, Freeman, having also spent time in Samoan, reached different points of view.

What Derek Freeman did was to criticize Margaret Mead’s theory after her death.

 

Edison and Tesla

The argument between Edison and Tesla started over the theory alternating current or direct current would serve the needed power. The debate later broke out into a war of accusations. According to Edison, the alternating current was dangerous.

To prove the danger of Nikola Tesla\’s alternating current and safety of his competing direct current, Thomas Edison electrocuted a living elephant.

 

Newton and Leibniz: The Calculus Controversy

Newton and Leibniz all started working on the same calculus but in different approaches. However, mathematical community seemed to support Newton rather than Leibniz. Although Leibniz was accused of plagiarism, modern calculus is more like Leibniz\’s.

Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz were both fathers of calculus.

 

Cope and Marsh and “Bone Wars”

Edward Drinker Cope and Othniel Marsh were both hunting dinosaurs and even hunting each other. The two had gone across North America to find fossils. During the exploitation, Marsh bribed Cope\’s digging crew to have all the new fossils of dinosaurs.

Edward Drinker Cope and Othniel Marsh spent lots of time in their “the Bone Wars”

 

Galileo vs. the Church/ Pope Urban VIII

Back to the 17th century, Galileo Galilei defended the Copernican point of view that the Earth was the center of the solar system.

Galileo Galilei held the set that the sun was the center of the universe.

 

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Virginia Execution Flies in Face of Science

Virginia Execution Flies in Face of Science

What do you feel about the US Supreme Court’s decision to allow the execution of a Virginia woman, the first woman to be executed in that state in over a century, to go ahead, and the refusal of the governor of the state to commute her sentence to imprisonment?

Watching the hit television series The Tudors, the way Henry VIII lopped off heads, hung people, disemboweled them while still alive, or burned them at the stake often for no more reason than that they offended him in some way is pretty shocking.

In many ways we’ve come a long way from those days, at least in some regions of the world. Yet the execution of a woman in the state of Virginia for a crime in which the two other participants were given sentences shows how little so many of us understand about why humans do the terrible things they do.

The governor of the state Robert McDonnell defends his decision with the statement, “After numerous evaluations, no medical professional has concluded that Teresa Lewis meets the medical or statutory definition of mentally retarded.”

The sad fact is that from a scientific standpoint the current standard is hopelessly out of date for determining why a person did what they did. Mental retardation isn’t the issue. To make it the sole issue simply doesn’t take into account modern brain research, which has advanced leaps and bounds in recent years.

That Lewis committed a heinous crime isn’t the point. What matters is that here we have an individual who at her center bears the divine image and likeness—who is in her essence the self-expression of God.

Because of her particular genetic makeup combined with her life circumstances (and who knows what other contributing factors?), who Lewis is in her true being became overpowered by her false egoic self and its flip side that Eckhart Tolle in The Power of Now calls the “pain-body.”

No one in their right mind commits this kind of act. For this to happen, the individual simply isn’t functioning from a brain that’s in a state of balance and harmony.

This is no “bleeding-heart liberal” point of view and isn’t up for debate: it’s hard science. If you place sensors on the head of a person like this and read the brain activity into a computer, you can map the total imbalance that results in just this kind of crime. In such a state, the individual is simply incapable of acting rationally. But once balance the lobes and hemispheres of the brain and everything changes.

There’s a book that takes cases such as college campus shootings and explains just what happens in a person’s bain when they do this kind of thing.

The author of the book, Lee Gerdes who is CEO of Brain State Technologies™, has documented with inmates the huge imbalances in the brain of violent criminals—and also shown what a massive difference there is, documented by prison authorities, in inmates’ behavior when they have received brain training.

It’s a great shame that despite almost six centuries passing between Henry VIII and those who are in positions of power in society today, ignorance of why people do what they do still dominates.

For no one who understands the brain—who has taken the time to research for themselves what technology is showing us and what it can accomplish to change lives—would ever sanction the execution of this woman.

If you want to understand crimes of this kind, why people “go postal,” or what happened at Columbine and other schools, I recommend Lee Gerdes’ book Limitless You—The Infinite Potential of a Balanced Brain. As the editor of the book for Namaste Publishing, publishers of Eckhart Tolle, I recommend you read it because it’s totally eye-opening.

To see what actually happens inside a person that drives them to cold-bloodedly murder their fellow humans—people with whom they are essentially one, since we are all grounded in the universal source we call God—is simply revelatory.

The day surely needs to dawn—and it cannot be too soon—when we will recognize that the purpose of life is for the divine to manifest itself in our human form.

This is an evolutionary process that requires all of us to bring our best gifts to help each other flesh out in everyday life what’s true of us in our essence.

Help to become who they really are, not punishment, is especially called for when a person is hampered in some way, such as with severe brain imbalance.

 

David Robert Ord is author of Your Forgotten Self Mirrored in Jesus the Christ and the audio book Lessons in Loving–A Journey into the Heart, both from Namaste Publishing, publishers of Eckhart Tolle and other transformational authors. He writes The Compassionate Eye daily, together with his daily author blog The Sunday Blog, at www.namastepublishing.com

 

We invite you to check out David’s daily author blog -http://www.namastepublishing.com/blog/author/david-robert-ord.

 

 

 

 

The evils of pseudo science and the brain drain it causes.

The evils of pseudo science and the brain drain it causes.

The actual beginnings of astrology are lost in history. From the Old Babylonian period we have the first records of attempts to correlate basic problems as famine, death or war with the positions of the stars and planets. Though we now understand much more about the true nature of the starry universe, many individuals still cling to the medieval notion that earthly events in their individual lives may be predicted from observations of the skies performed by experienced and perhaps inspired practitioners of astrology.

Let’s get real. People can’t cast spells and can we all agree that astrology is pseudo-science? While we’re at it, let’s stop using the phrase “I’m spiritual.” The “spiritual” part is usually right after they mention astrology. Most people who read horoscopes also buy into other new age load like tarot cards and self-healing.

Self healing? Self healing was perfected by Rambo in Rambo: First Blood when he stitched his arm shut after he cracked a kid’s back while jumping off a cliff and the only reason his arm split open was because he’s so tough; he wanted to make the bad guys think they had a chance. It was like Rambo sent them all Christmas cards, but instead of cards it was murder.

The other turn off about horoscopes is that some people make financial decisions based off them. They re-read the sentence a few times until the implications set in. Yes, there are mouth breathers out there who literally believe clumps of rocks and dirt floating around pockets of gas, have anything to do with their stocks and lottery winnings.

Have you ever noticed how people ask you what sign you are and always say “I knew it” only after you tell them which one? That is because they are an epitome of stupidity. It doesn’t matter what sign you tell them you are, they’ll always say “yeah, you’re totally a [fill in asinine symbol], I can tell.” No, you can’t tell because you’re an idiot. I hate it when people ask me what ‘sign’ I am.

Astrological signs are based off arbitrary Zodiac symbols drawn by people who also believed that light from stars came from vents on burning chariot wheels. I mean, do people even buy this load? Here’s a sample horoscope I found on some sap-magnet website:

“Creative energy, especially involving writing or speaking, could be overflowing within you today. Ideas could be coming thick and fast, dear Leo. You might want to call some old friends and discuss your thoughts with them.”

Creative energy? What on this Earth is creative energy? Also, notice how the tone is set by the use of “…dear Leo,” as if some ancient sage was addressing a dear old friend. At this point one usually feels vindicated in spending $ 199.95 on the newly acquired Brazilian power crystal, just as the CEO of the psychic hotline sets off to the tropics with the millions he’s raked in from people.

I especially like the “could be overflowing” part, which puts the astrologer in a safe haven, in the unlikely event that the horoscope was an alphabet soup and has nothing to do with anyone or anything in the universe. Of course, that would constitute fraud, so thankfully we have the doctrine of uncertainty to protect psychics everywhere from malpractice lawsuits. Otherwise an entire industry of aging hippies and their clientele comprised of middle-class 16 year old girls and bored house wives trudging aimlessly from one rebellious new-age religion to the next would have to find a new hobby.

With the advent of the internet it is easier to gather some real knowledge. There are a lot of web forums that promote skeptical inquiry. These boards can be accessed easily over high speed internet service providers like Charter Internet.

Stuart is freelance writer who enjoys writing about the evils of pseudo-sciences and Internet forums which can be accessed over popular service providers like Charter Internet.

The Science of Neurology

The Science of Neurology

Neurology, being a branch of medicine, explicates the disorders of the nervous system as well as its treatment. To become a neurologist, the candidate has to go through approximately 10 – 12 years of training which includes clinical study. So after obtaining a degree from the med school, one has to complete 4 years of residency in this specialty to properly qualify for the degree of a neurologist.
The human nervous system is a marvel to look at and study. Basically the nervous system is the brilliant networking of the millions of nerves throughout the body which run to and from the brain and spinal cord to all the extremities. In order to study it in detail and to understand its workings far better, it has been divided into two main types of nervous system – the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS.)
The CNS mainly consists of the brain and the spinal cord that runs through the spine. It is in fact the CPU of our body where all the processing is done, from where all the messages are carried out and to which information is sent from the different input terminals of our body such as the eyes, tongue, hand, nose etc. The PNS is the complete and complicated networking of the nerves in our entire body outside of the CNS.

Since the nerves are taken as the information highway which connects each organ, each tissue and each muscle with the brain, one really cannot segregate any functional disability from the nervous system; this makes the study of neurology even more interesting and complicated. The surgery in this sector is undertaken by the neurosurgeons; these are neurologists who have further studied and have received training to perform surgery of the brain, the spine and the nerves.
There are many disorders, which range from common day to day to very chronic ones that are related to our nervous system and which are diagnosed and treated by the neurologists. Some of the common ones include,
Back pain,
Migraine,
Dizziness,
Concussion,
Head or brain injury,
Injury of the spine,
Epilepsy,
Paralysis,
Motor skill disorder
Tumor in the brain or spine etc.
Some of the more serious disorders include,
Cerebral palsy,
Down syndrome,
Autism,
Tremors,
Neuralgia,
Scoliosis,
Intracranial cyst,
Gaucher’s disease,
Developmental dyspraxia etc.
The list of disorders that could affect the brain or the nervous system as a whole is astounding and could go on for a while. The science of neurology is therefore a very complex one and can only be undertaken by someone who has the passion and the respect for the intricate mechanisms of the human body.

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