The Science of Neurology

The Science of Neurology

Neurology, being a branch of medicine, explicates the disorders of the nervous system as well as its treatment. To become a neurologist, the candidate has to go through approximately 10 – 12 years of training which includes clinical study. So after obtaining a degree from the med school, one has to complete 4 years of residency in this specialty to properly qualify for the degree of a neurologist.
The human nervous system is a marvel to look at and study. Basically the nervous system is the brilliant networking of the millions of nerves throughout the body which run to and from the brain and spinal cord to all the extremities. In order to study it in detail and to understand its workings far better, it has been divided into two main types of nervous system – the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS.)
The CNS mainly consists of the brain and the spinal cord that runs through the spine. It is in fact the CPU of our body where all the processing is done, from where all the messages are carried out and to which information is sent from the different input terminals of our body such as the eyes, tongue, hand, nose etc. The PNS is the complete and complicated networking of the nerves in our entire body outside of the CNS.

Since the nerves are taken as the information highway which connects each organ, each tissue and each muscle with the brain, one really cannot segregate any functional disability from the nervous system; this makes the study of neurology even more interesting and complicated. The surgery in this sector is undertaken by the neurosurgeons; these are neurologists who have further studied and have received training to perform surgery of the brain, the spine and the nerves.
There are many disorders, which range from common day to day to very chronic ones that are related to our nervous system and which are diagnosed and treated by the neurologists. Some of the common ones include,
Back pain,
Migraine,
Dizziness,
Concussion,
Head or brain injury,
Injury of the spine,
Epilepsy,
Paralysis,
Motor skill disorder
Tumor in the brain or spine etc.
Some of the more serious disorders include,
Cerebral palsy,
Down syndrome,
Autism,
Tremors,
Neuralgia,
Scoliosis,
Intracranial cyst,
Gaucher’s disease,
Developmental dyspraxia etc.
The list of disorders that could affect the brain or the nervous system as a whole is astounding and could go on for a while. The science of neurology is therefore a very complex one and can only be undertaken by someone who has the passion and the respect for the intricate mechanisms of the human body.

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